An English lesson plan helps you prevent fumbling when things come up unexpectedly: how to teach comparisons or the tag question, how to explain vocab words, how to teach grammar, or what to do for an activity.
Direct instruction can be more effective and versatile with the 5-Step Lesson Plan. Almost all grade levels and content areas can be adapted to this model. The individual lesson fits into students’ general knowledge and helps them learn new material. Students’ comprehension is also monitored—English lesson plans for beginners: 5 tips.
1. Know your objective
Whenever you begin a lesson, write a goal at the top of the lesson plan and try to make it most straightforward. Your students can identify the different structures that allow animals to eat, breathe, move, and thrive after you’re finished teaching them! You can also add how they might do this (through videos, games, flashcards, etc.). Your goal could be as simple as “Improving reading or writing skills” while working with young children.” It can be skill-based or conceptual.
2. ESL Lesson Planning Basics
Depending on where you teach, you may need to follow your school’s curriculum and basic lesson plan structure. Despite not having a lot of wiggle room, you may be able to improve your lessons by adding or changing something.
Moreover, some lessons may need to be rearranged, so you start with a practice or review, then teach or review, and practice again. But make it work for your students.
English Tutors Lesson plans for ESL (the timing indicates a 45- to the 60-minute lesson) look like this:
- Your lesson starts with a warm-up activity (5 minutes)
- Presentation – This is the input session (5-10 minutes)
- The students practice the target language and are guided by the teacher (10 minutes)
- The student must produce the target language in more student-centered activities; the teacher monitors and provides immediate feedback (10-15 minutes).
- Review – Discuss the lesson’s main points, such as the target vocabulary, and give general feedback on Production. Students can be reminded of repeated mistakes and praised for well-done tasks (5 minutes).
3. Plan ESL Activities to Meet Lesson Plan Goals
ESL classrooms are spiced with variety; each person learns differently. Both visual and auditory learners need activities.
Engage students in classroom games. ESL classrooms should include games. Games provide a relaxed, exciting way for students to test what they have learned. Participation is key. Weaker or lazier students will sit quietly and do nothing without proper management. If a class lasts 45 minutes, a game should not last 12 minutes. Keep an eye on your motivations. It’s much different to play Charades to review animal names than to play Hangman to relax the teacher.
ESL work can be done either individually or in groups. It is impossible to complete a lesson without individual work. Practice on your own is necessary for everyone. Shy students may also benefit from these activities since they can work quietly without being surrounded by a spotlight. However, group work can also be beneficial. Dialogue can be practiced among students, and stronger partners can be learned. It is often fun to work as a team and allows everyone to relax a little. Group work has the disadvantage of concentrating more on the more advanced students. Mixing the right ingredients is crucial.
Repetition of recent ESL activities is recommended. It is possible to repeat activities. How often you should do it will vary depending on the popularity of the activity. Every week, one of my classes played Pictionary to review vocabulary. Recycling activities should be done once a month for classes that meet weekly. You may lose interest in yourself if you don’t.
Websites and chat rooms that offer bad advice to French Tutors should be ignored. You can find some great ESL websites online. There are just as many people who give bad advice. Don’t listen to everyone. Some teachers are only interested in winning popularity contests, so they play games whenever possible. Listen to teachers who take their jobs seriously. It would help if you ignored those who want only a party atmosphere in the classroom. Don’t forget to leave time for fun while structuring your classes.
4. Form a backup plan
Students will often whiz through your lesson plans, leaving you dumbfounded during your teaching career. There’ll also be days when tests get rescheduled, half the class shows up, or the DVD player eats your video. It would be great if you had a backup plan when this day comes.
Teachers with a lot of experience have many lesson plans they can use at any time. Keep the material from your Punnett squares lesson for later. Another class could learn about evolution, natural selection, or genes depending on their ability. Consider a lesson on Beyoncé.
5. Final Steps in Lesson Planning
It’s done. Here is something you should do before class:
Consult other English teachers for advice. Display your ESL materials to your coworkers. They are especially useful if you teach in a foreign country. You won’t see gaps in logic, things that are too hard, or cultural pitfalls they’ll see. Please make the necessary changes to your materials based on their advice.
Do not worry about the outcome of the first class. Do remember no one is perfect, and neither are you. Make copies only for the first day. Tomorrow, you’ll probably have a few changes to make. You can save trees by not making copies that will only be recycled.
An English lesson plan aims to allow another teacher to teach your class without further instruction successfully. Please write down the questions you plan to ask the students so that they can use the past tense in their responses. Your chances of asking them a question they do not understand increase when you are on the spot.
Write down how many students should be in each group if there is a group activity in the lesson. Suppose your production activity only lasts ten minutes. In that case, you will need another activity to end the lesson, so writing your lesson plan can help you plan what material should be prepared.